June, Alma, and Janine standon a … The stories, which were transmitted orally during the Middle Ages, are like …  However, the mere presence of animals that talk does not make a tale a fairy tale, especially when the animal is clearly a mask on a human face, as in fables. While a lot of European writers assimilated and wrote such grim tales in the 16 th century, ‘fairy tale’ as a genre only gained recognition in the 17 th century, when Charles Perrault wrote The Tales Of Mother Goose. , In terms of aesthetic values, Italo Calvino cited the fairy tale as a prime example of "quickness" in literature, because of the economy and concision of the tales. Any comparison of fairy tales quickly discovers that many fairy tales have features in common with each other. But hidden sexual innuendos in “Grimm’s Fairy Tales” remained, according to psychoanalysts, including Sigmund Freud and Erich Fromm, who examined the book in the 20th century. Main-Locations-Objects-Fairy Tales Ever After High draws from a multitude of fairytales, classical literature and even nursey rhymes, below you will find a list of tales that have been used. winged fairies. Involving social crimes such as incest, rape, cannibalism and bestiality the original fairy tales were a lot darker and so much is this the case … Fairy tales, and works based on from fairy tales, are still written today. There have been many translations since then. This system groups fairy and folk tales according to their overall plot. They have a large variety of  Likewise, Princess Mononoke, Pan's Labyrinth, Suspiria, and Spike create new stories in this genre from fairy tale and folklore motifs. Fairy Tale: We’ve all heard fairy tales, and many of our favorite childhood stories fall into this category. Synopsis [edit | edit source] Clan Adachi has been massacred. Grant and Clute, "Hans Christian Andersen", pp. The most notable distinction is that fairytale fantasies, like other fantasies, make use of novelistic writing conventions of prose, characterization, or setting. Grimm and , In a 2012 lecture, Jack Zipes reads fairy tales as examples of what he calls "childism".  Indeed, a novel of that time, depicting a countess's suitor offering to tell such a tale, has the countess exclaim that she loves fairy tales as if she were still a child. This Site www.all-about-fairies.com Was built and is maintained with SBI. Fairy tales are not autobiographical in nature. None of these constitutes a short story as it has been defined since the 19th century, but they do make up a large part of the milieu from which the modern short story … Both long and short Fairy tales, folklore, legends and myths have Throughout history humankind has enjoyed various types of brief narratives: jests, anecdotes, studied digressions, short allegorical romances, moralizing fairy tales, short myths, and abbreviated historical legends. A cute story focused on Runeterra's favorite fluff balls is such a fun idea! Some such tales are The Wonderful Birch; Aschenputtel; Katie Woodencloak; The Story of Tam and Cam; Ye Xian; Cap O' Rushes; Catskin; Fair, Brown and Trembling; Finette Cendron; Allerleirauh. By Lucia Peters.  Fairy tales do teach children how to deal with difficult times. ", The adaptation of fairy tales for children continues.  They also encouraged other collectors of fairy tales, as when Yei Theodora Ozaki created a collection, Japanese Fairy Tales (1908), after encouragement from Lang. Perrault was a French author who lived during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Notable examples are Jean Cocteau's Beauty and the Beast and The Company of Wolves, based on Angela Carter's retelling of Little Red Riding Hood. folktales for adults. Click Here ForCatalogue of Figurines Collection, Fairy Tale LinksFairy-Tales-Home Fairytales OriginClassic FairytalesActual Fairy Tales1.Peter-Panï»¿ 2.Peter-Pan-Characters 3.Alice-In-Wonderland 4.Alice-Characters 5.Cinderella 6.Aesop-Fables 7.Little-Mermaid 8.Red-Riding-Hood 9.Princess-And-Pea 10.Rapunzel 11.The-Red-Shoes 12.Thumbelina 13.Ugly-Duckling 14.Rumpelstiltskin15 Aesop Fables. , Although the fairy tale is a distinct genre within the larger category of folktale, the definition that marks a work as a fairy tale is a source of considerable dispute. Enchantments and far-fetched events are also usually part of the plot. close to the bed so that he can grab her and eat her. Due to the approval of the Equal Rights Amendment for Women in 1979, there was a surge in interest of women’s rights and the subsequent atmosphere led to … The Walt Disney Company has had a significant impact on the evolution of the fairy tale film. The 10 Realities and the History around them. both ancient and new.  However, the same essay excludes tales that are often considered fairy tales, citing as an example The Monkey's Heart, which Andrew Lang included in The Lilac Fairy Book. They come from every country "Please, don’t thank me. Unlike legends and folklore tales, they seldom contain any references to religion, actual places, persons or events. The story a variant on Bluebeard, a tale about a wealthy man who murders numerous young women. In this never-never land, humble heroes kill adversaries, succeed to kingdoms and marry princesses. Vladimir Propp specifically studied a collection of Russian fairy tales, but his analysis has been found useful for the tales of other countries. For Example the Fairy Tale "Little Red Riding Hood":The early Yet the stories printed under the Grimm name have been considerably reworked to fit the written form. Old English Fairy Tales: Goldilocks and the Three Bears: 1837 England Robert Southey: 171 The Hedley Kow: 1894 England Joseph Jacobs More English Fairy Tales Jack and the Beanstalk: 1890 England Joseph Jacobs: English Fairy Tales 328 Jack the Giant Killer: 1890 England Joseph Jacobs: English Fairy Tales The King of the Cats: 1782 England Thomas Lyttelton, 2nd Baron Lyttelton: Letters of the Late … Then , Fairy tales tend to take on the color of their location, through the choice of motifs, the style in which they are told, and the depiction of character and local color.. In the mid-17th century, a vogue for magical tales emerged among the intellectuals who frequented the salons of Paris. , Many fairy tales feature an absentee mother, as an example Beauty and the Beast, The Little Mermaid, Little Red Riding Hood and Donkeyskin, where the mother is deceased or absent and unable to help the heroines. The first known history is based on the fae of medieval Western European folklore. Enjoy. Even contemporary fairy tales have been written for the purpose of inspiration in the music world.  Although Straparola's, Basile's and Perrault's collections contain the oldest known forms of various fairy tales, on the stylistic evidence, all the writers rewrote the tales for literary effect.. For a comparison of fairy tale with other kinds of stories, such as myths, legends and fable, see, Fictional story typically featuring folkloric fantasy characters and magic. Fairy History literature about these creatures appears quite frequently from the Middle Ages on. , In the modern era, fairy tales were altered so that they could be read to children. Such stories typically feature entities such as dwarfs, dragons, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, griffins, mermaids, talking animals, trolls, unicorns, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments. For a comprehensive introduction into fairy tale interpretation, and main terms of Jungian Psychology (Anima, Animus, Shadow) see Marie-Louise von Franz. 18–19, James M. McGlathery, ed.. Goldberg, Christine.  Among the late précieuses, Jeanne-Marie Le Prince de Beaumont redacted a version of Beauty and the Beast for children, and it is her tale that is best known today. been passed from generation to generation since before recorded Distinguishing fairy tales from folktales and showing the influence of the medieval romance on them, Bottigheimer documents how fairy tales originated as urban writing for urban readers and listeners. Because it is obvious she likes them, as well as finding them highly significant works of folk culture. The term "once upon a time" is used rather than an actual reference to date. Most of us think of fairies as tiny creatures, flitting about on gossamer wings, waving a magic wand, but history and folklore tell a different tale. Serena Joy attempts to recuperate. Sometime in the middle of the 17th century, a passion for the conversational parlour game based on the plots of old folk tales swept through the salons. Arguably the most famous fairy tale to include giants is Jack and the Beanstalk.After growing a giant beanstalk from magic beans, a young man named "Jack" climbs the beanstalk and discovers a land above the clouds populated by giants.He visits an enormous castle and convinces a giantess to take him in and hide him from her husband, a giant that enjoys eating humans. Is the Tooth Fairy real? "America was not initially founded as an 18th-century enlightenment republic. tales come from oral folklore? A tale that was popular at one moment may go out of sight for a while. Andersen have kept many, many children entertained with their tales of The story was written nearly 4,000 years ago, and interpretations are still created in the modern day. Oct. 20, 2017 . Other folklorists have explained the figure of the wicked stepmother in a historical/sociological context: many women did die in childbirth, their husbands remarried, and the new stepmothers competed with the children of the first marriage for resources.  Having criticized Aarne-Thompson type analysis for ignoring what motifs did in stories, and because the motifs used were not clearly distinct, he analyzed the tales for the function each character and action fulfilled and concluded that a tale was composed of thirty-one elements ('functions') and seven characters or 'spheres of action' ('the princess and her father' are a single sphere). "An Introduction to the Psychology of Fairytales". Many modern themes in movies and television are derived from the fairy tale, in motif if not in plot.  Many 18th-century folklorists attempted to recover the "pure" folktale, uncontaminated by literary versions. The fairy tale is an important component in children's literature. The fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm (1916) ( Public Domain ) Fairy tales contain well refined messages of a spiritual nature which not only emulate truths about how to live life, but they hold watered-down versions of some pretty dark historical occurrences. Lord Shimura has asked me to meet him under the red-leafed tree by Omi Lake. Grant and Clute, "Commedia Dell'Arte", p. 745. There are also many contemporary erotic retellings of fairy tales, which explicitly draw upon the original spirit of the tales, and are specifically for adults. Little Briar-Rose appears to stem from Perrault's The Sleeping Beauty, as the Grimms' tale appears to be the only independent German variant. Examples of narrative reversal rejecting this figure include The Paperbag Princess by Robert Munsch, a picture book aimed at children in which a princess rescues a prince, and Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber, which retells a number of fairy tales from a female point of view.. Mixed Up Fairy Tales by Hilary Robinson (£6.99, Hodder) Use this spiral-bound book to create your own crazy mash-up of traditional tales. The origin of fairy tales dates back thousands of years. In the 19th Century, authors the Brothers Grimm believed many of the fairy tales they popularised, including Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel and Snow White, were rooted in …  Indeed, Tolkien's "On Fairy-Stories" includes discussions of world-building and is considered a vital part of fantasy criticism. Rapunzel is type 310 (The Maiden in the Tower), but it opens with a child being demanded in return for stolen food, as does Puddocky; but Puddocky is not a Maiden in the Tower tale, while The Canary Prince, which opens with a jealous stepmother, is. Useful is the third episode of the third season of The Handmaid's Tale. Although fantasy, particularly the subgenre of fairytale fantasy, draws heavily on fairy tale motifs, the genres are now regarded as distinct.  The rural, illiterate, and uneducated peasants, if suitably isolated, were the folk and would tell pure folk tales. Some might think it is about their Husband or Brother. 1 Synopsis 2 Objectives 3 Journal Entry 4 Trivia 5 Walkthrough Video The Khan is defeated, but I have one last personal matter to deal with…. Modern retellings focus on exploring the tale through use of the erotic, explicit sexuality, dark and/or comic themes, female empowerment, fetish and BDSM, multicultural, and heterosexual characters. The Tale of the Three Brothers was a fairy tale often told to wizarding children. A tale that was popular at one moment may go out of sight for a while. A fairy tale, fairytale, wonder tale, magic tale, fairy story or Märchen is an instance of a folklore genre that takes the form of a short story. Grant and Clute, "George MacDonald", p. 604. “The fairy tale itself is its own best explanation; that is, its meaning is contained in the totality of its motifs connected by the thread of the story. The Grimms were dedicated linguists and philologists who saw fairy tales as a living record of cultural history.  Fairy tales, and works derived from fairy tales, are still written today. for lending great importance to motifs that are not, in fact, integral to the tale; this has often stemmed from treating one instance of a fairy tale as the definitive text, where the tale has been told and retold in many variations.  Nevertheless, to select works for his analysis, Propp used all Russian folktales classified as a folklore Aarne-Thompson 300-749 – in a cataloguing system that made such a distinction – to gain a clear set of tales. Ancient population expansions and dispersals often leave enduring signatures in the cultural traditions of their descendants, as well as in their genes and languages. "Reframing the Early French Fairy Tale: A Selected Bibliography". 2. Parents of the children who took part in the study found that fairy tales, especially the color in them, triggered their child's imagination as they read them. 38. “I have come to the conclusion that all fairy tales endeavour to describe one and the same psychic fact, but a fact so complex and far-reaching and so difficult for us to realize in all its different aspects that hundreds of tales and thousands of repetitions with a musician’s variation are needed until this unknown fact is delivered into consciousness; and even then the theme is not exhausted. The roles can be more complicated. Severely deformed because of the physical labor mining required, they were despairingly referred to as dwarfs. Often, these graphic elements helped shape the stories into tales of caution. Carter's protagonist, who is unnamed, describes her mother as "eagle-featured" and "indomitable". by Louise Yates (£12.99, Jonathan Cape) Dog comes to the rescue when fairy-tale characters need help in this lovely, beautifully illustrated story. The Story of the Youth Who Went Forth to Learn What Fear Was, Alan Garner's Book of British Fairy Tales, Fairy Tales, Now First Collected: To Which are Prefixed Two Dissertations: 1. Folklorists have classified fairy tales in various ways. When we discuss the origin of fairy tales, It would appear that one of the oldest ""The Smith and the Devel" dates back to before the Bronze Age. It is because of a more general patriarchal view of women as... Read Online Download PDF Cite this Item 6 Giuseppe Pitrè and the Great Collectors of Folk Tales in the Nineteenth Century. , Such literary forms did not merely draw from the folktale, but also influenced folktales in turn. In fact, many are complex morality tales; some are graphic or morbid, and shouldn't be read to children at all.  Simultaneously, Pu Songling, in China, included many fairy tales in his collection, Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio (published posthumously, 1766). The Tale of Lord Shimura is the final tale of Act 3: Kill the Khan, and the final tale of the main story campaign Jin's Journey. Grant and Clute, "Commedia Dell'Arte", p. 219. Still, written evidence indicates that fairy tales have existed for thousands of years, although not perhaps recognized as a genre. New Fairy Figurines Catalog Just Arrived!  However, further research has concluded that fairy tales never had a fixed form, and regardless of literary influence, the tellers constantly altered them for their own purposes. country and they each have their own tales. Vladimir Propp, in his Morphology of the Folktale, criticized the common distinction between "fairy tales" and "animal tales" on the grounds that many tales contained both fantastic elements and animals.  Literary fairy tales appeared in works intended for adults, but in the 19th and 20th centuries the fairy tale became associated with children's literature.  Fairy tales teach children other important lessons too.  In Kallo and the Goblins, the villain goblins also give the heroine gifts, because they are tricked; in Schippeitaro, the evil cats betray their secret to the hero, giving him the means to defeat them. By Marina Warner . Characters who are not always the donor can act like the donor. The past pervades human consciousness to some degree even in the simplest … The German term "Märchen" stems from the old German word "Mär", which means story or tale. Originally, adults were the audience of a fairy tale just as often as children. , Jack Zipes writes in When Dreams Came True, "There are fairy tale elements in Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene, and in many of William Shakespeare plays. Fairy tales have inspired music, namely opera, such as the French Opéra féerie and the German Märchenoper. This can be useful as a shorthand but can also erase the coloring and details of a story.. This view is supported by research by the anthropologist Jamie Tehrani and the folklorist Sara Graca Da Silva using phylogenetic analysis, a technique developed by evolutionary biologists to trace the relatedness of living and fossil species. history. Their unique approach somehow managed to tap into our collective consciousness.  In The Golden Bird, the talking fox tests the hero by warning him against entering an inn and, after he succeeds, helps him find the object of his quest; in The Boy Who Drew Cats, the priest advised the hero to stay in small places at night, which protects him from an evil spirit; in Cinderella, the fairy godmother gives Cinderella the dresses she needs to attend the ball, as their mothers' spirits do in Bawang Putih Bawang Merah and The Wonderful Birch; in The Fox Sister, a Buddhist monk gives the brothers magical bottles to protect against the fox spirit. Many classic fairy tales had early versions that had some very grim content such as torture, rape, and cannibalism. These salons were regular gatherings hosted by prominent aristocratic women, where women and men could gather together to discuss the issues of the day. The Super Creepy History Behind These Fairy Tales Will Ruin Your Childhood. In most cultures, there is no clear line separatingmythfrom folk or fairy tale; all these together form the … "The Miller's Tale" (Middle English: The Milleres Tale) is the second of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1380s–1390s), told by the drunken miller Robin to "quite" (a Middle English term meaning requite or pay back, in both good and negative ways) "The Knight's Tale". Her mother is depicted as a woman who is prepared for violence, instead of hiding from it or sacrificing herself to it. Roots of the genre come from different oral stories passed down in European cultures. The history of cloud: a fairy tale This playful look at the history of cloud computing starts before the internet bubble, covers virtualization, and touches on containers. His acquaintance Charles Dickens protested, "In an utilitarian age, of all other times, it is a matter of grave importance that fairy tales should be respected. Ruth B. Bottigheimer, Fairy Tales: A New History (2009) Suggests that the Brothers Grimm got punked by their sources. History [edit | edit source] Sleeping Beauty [edit | edit source] Depending on the version, not one but eight fairies appear in this tale.  The Brothers Grimm titled their collection Children's and Household Tales and rewrote their tales after complaints that they were not suitable for children. In: This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 13:50. Known fairy tales include The Tale of the Two Brothers, The Shallow Sea, The Girl in the Tower, The Story of the Seasons and the story of the Silver-Eyed warriors.At least three of these stories are known in detail and … A fairy tale may involve fairies, giants, dragons, elves, goblins, dwarves, and other fanciful and fantastic forces. A 20th century … The Cultural Evolution of Storytelling and Fairy Tales: Human Communication and Memetics Even the simplest and most static of human cultures is an engine of inven-tive mutual influence and change.  The figure of the damsel in distress has been particularly attacked by many feminist critics. 1 Plot 2 Songs 3 Gallery 4 Trivia When Baby Bop catches Barney, BJ, Riff and some children wrapping a mysterious present in the caboose, she just can't wait to see what is in the box. tales. et ses origines paléolithiques", "A Transcription of Charles Dickens's "Frauds on the Fairies" (1 October 1853)", "Philip Pullman: 'Loosening the chains of the imagination. The Brothers Grimm believed that European fairy tales derived from the cultural history shared by all Indo-European peoples and were therefore ancient, far older than written records. These fairy tales teach children how to deal with certain social situations and helps them to find their place in society. [...] Every fairy tale is a relatively closed system compounding one essential psychological meaning which is expressed in a series of symbolical pictures and events and is discoverable in these”. 38. Who Wrote Peter Pan - A Fairy Tale about a boy that never grew up! What makes a fairy tale unique are elements of the fantastic. Still, written evidence indicates that fairy tales have existed for thousands of years, although not perhaps recognized as a genre. Fairy History. Jungian Analyst and fairy tale scholar, Marie Louise Von Franz interprets fairy tales based on Jung's view of fairy tales as a spontaneous and naive product of soul, which can only express what soul is. Hold onto your hats, fairytale l… Among those influenced were the Russian Alexander Afanasyev (first published in 1866), the Norwegians Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe (first published in 1845), the Romanian Petre Ispirescu (first published in 1874), the English Joseph Jacobs (first published in 1890), and Jeremiah Curtin, an American who collected Irish tales (first published in 1890). To depict the authoritative world run by the extremely religious right in "The Handmaid's Tale," Atwood drew upon history — mainly, 17th-century Puritan theocracy in America and the political climate of the country in the early 1980s.  Freudian, Jungian, and other psychological analyses have also explicated many tales, but no mode of interpretation has established itself definitively.  Others have used the conventions of fairy tales to create new stories with sentiments more relevant to contemporary life, as in Labyrinth, My Neighbor Totoro, Happily N'Ever After, and the films of Michel Ocelot.. and give them some role training in an approach that honors the children’s window of tolerance”. A girl can sleep for 100 years, or a pumpkin can turn into a carriage. (Image via Variety) The second half of the 20 th century, saw a new and more politically aware generation emerge from the war.  The Grimm brothers were among the first to try to preserve the features of oral tales. They were designed to teach children important lessons. The English term "fairy tale" stems from the fact that the French contes often included fairies. Because of this, the history of their development is necessarily obscure and blurred. The rulers and locations described were authentic and the cultural differences described were also accurate. The book won the 2004 Newbery Medal award.  From a psychological point of view, Jean Chiriac argued for the necessity of the fantastic in these narratives. Other folklorists have interpreted the tales' significance, but no school has been definitively established for the meaning of the tales. Fairy tales contain unicorns, elves, mermaids, and gnomes, for example, as well as other fantastic or magical elements. The poison apple is also rooted in fact; an old man would offer tainted fruits to … Belief in these mythical creatures is thought to exist in almost every culture around the globe and seems to be centered around Europe and the British Isles. Fairy tales are known for their happy endings (the modern ones anyway). Oxford University Press .  Davidson and Chaudri identify "transformation" as the key feature of the genre.  In variants of Bluebeard, the wife's curiosity is betrayed by a blood-stained key, by an egg's breaking, or by the singing of a rose she wore, without affecting the tale, but interpretations of specific variants have claimed that the precise object is integral to the tale. Marina Warner is a Professor of Literature and a Fellow of All Souls College Oxford and if she brings the leaden touch of academia to the magical world of the fairytale it is hardly noticeable. It may be hard to lay down the rule between fairy tales and fantasies that use fairy tale motifs, or even whole plots, but the distinction is commonly made, even within the works of a single author: George MacDonald's Lilith and Phantastes are regarded as fantasies, while his "The Light Princess", "The Golden Key", and "The Wise Woman" are commonly called fairy tales. One is that a single point of origin generated any given tale, which then spread over the centuries; the other is that such fairy tales stem from common human experience and therefore can appear separately in many different origins. The salonnières argued particularly for love and intellectual compatibility between the sexes, opposing the system of arranged marriages. Jack Zipes – Are Fairy tales still useful to Children?  However, others note that the softening of fairy tales occurred long before Disney, some of which was even done by the Grimm brothers themselves. But in Katie Woodencloak, she is driven from home by her stepmother's persecutions and must take service in a kitchen elsewhere, and in Tattercoats, she is refused permission to go to the ball by her grandfather. Old wives' tales often center on women's traditional concerns, such as pregnancy, … The stories she told were based on folklore, but she recreated them into what she called fairy tales (Ashliman, 2004). Le Marchand, Bérénice Virginie.  The literary fairy tale came into fashion during the 17th century, developed by aristocratic women as a parlour game. 1 Publisher's Summary 2 Dedications, Literary Quotes & Acknowledgements 3 Main Plot 4 Plot by Chapter 4.1 Prologue: An Unexpected Audience 4.2 …  The moralizing strain in the Victorian era altered the classical tales to teach lessons, as when George Cruikshank rewrote Cinderella in 1854 to contain temperance themes. The other theory is that these tales reference common human experience. " The characters and motifs of fairy tales are simple and archetypal: princesses and goose-girls; youngest sons and gallant princes; ogres, giants, dragons, and trolls; wicked stepmothers and false heroes; fairy godmothers and other magical helpers, often talking horses, or foxes, or birds; glass mountains; and prohibitions and breaking of prohibitions.  Simultaneously, writers such as Hans Christian Andersen and George MacDonald continued the tradition of literary fairy tales. Though it is impossible to trace the historical origins and evolution of fairy tales to a particular time and place, we do know that humans began telling tales as soon as they developed the capacity of speech. , Other folklorists have interpreted tales as historical documents.  Disney and his creative successors have returned to traditional and literary fairy tales numerous times with films such as Cinderella (1950), Sleeping Beauty (1959), The Little Mermaid (1989) and Beauty and the Beast (1991). The Tale of Despereaux is a 2003 children's fantasy book written by Kate DiCamillo.The main plot follows the adventures of a mouse named Despereaux Tilling, as he sets out on his quest to rescue a beautiful human princess from the rats. Yet while oral fairy tales likely existed for thousands of years before the literary forms, there is no pure folktale, and each literary fairy tale draws on folk traditions, if only in parody. The early written Lady Masako is the only survivor. The decorative language of the fairy tales served an important function: disguising the rebellious subtext of the stories and sliding them past the court censors. That far from finding rich treasure troves of Germanic oral folk literature, they found people willing to retell stories out of story books, mostly French. It is amazing to me to find very similar fairy tale plots that occur in the folklore from different countries at different times and in totally different cultures. New Fairy Figurines Catalog Just Arrived! Among the tales analysed were Jack and the Beanstalk, traced to the time of splitting of Eastern and Western Indo-European, over 5000 years ago.  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